There are several leadership types. As a manager, it is useful to be familiar with a few different types. Each type has its own unique attributes and utility. The types that will be discussed are: charismatic leadership, inclusive leadership, destructive leadership, strategic leadership and structured leadership.
First, lets define the idea of “charismatic leadership”. The charismatic leader derives a lot of ability from their personality. The charismatic leader exhibits certain behaviours, thought processes, and techniques which all work together to motivate the followers to pursue the charismatic leader’s vision. The charismatic leader’s unique thinking allows them to spot limitations in the current environment, and then to propose solutions or visions where the problems are overcome. Since followers have fear that they themselves cannot achieve the work without the charismatic leader’s leadership, then they agree to follow in exchange for being led and giving up their will. Also, the charismatic leader often is considered special and often tackles large challenges that are very difficult.
Second, lets define the idea of “inclusive leadership”. As part of inclusive leadership, the leader focuses on the quality of the connection between the leader and the followers. Also, the leader works to strengthen this connection. Collaborative techniques such as making followers part of the decision making process, considering follower needs, and offering rewards to good performers, are used. Since followers have a lot of specialized knowledge, this kind of collaboration in the leadership phase often leads to good results.
Third, lets define the idea of “destructive leadership”. Leadership can make good things happen, but also bad things. Most business people associate the idea of leadership with positive qualities, qualities they themselves aim to possess in order to be selected as leaders. However, leadership can be destructive. For example, some leaders may; act in a superior fashion, manipulate others, control workers, micro-manage workers, act too passively, not achieve objectives, act hostile, create conflict, or act unethically in some other way. Sometimes, power corrupts and this can lead to destructive leadership.
Fourth, lets define the idea of “strategic leadership”. Strategic leadership refers to the leadership of a whole organization. Strategic leadership has often been associated with the planning and analysis aspect of leadership. However, strategic leadership is more involved than that. Strategic leadership involves taking action to capitalize on opportunities and to meet objectives.
Fifth, let’s define the idea of “structured leadership”. Great leadership is often associated with crisis events, emergencies, and exceptional circumstances. However, there is a more average type of leadership that is used on an ongoing basis throughout organizations worldwide. This more regular type of leadership is referred to as “structured leadership”. The easiest way to think about structured leadership is to think about the regular, average, every day operational activities that leaders must do. Sometimes, businesses have special projects and strategic objectives to achieve, but at other times, regular day in day out operations must be performed. During everyday operations, businesses need to operate in an automated fashion. They need a leader who can create rules, workflows, and systems. Though charismatic leaders may be hired in moments of big change, businesses should consider structured leaders for the everyday business operations.
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